Sustainable Electronic Waste (E-Waste) Management Using Enabling Strategies and Techniques: A Literature Review

Azlina Muhammad, Muhammad Zaly Shah Muhammad Hussein, Harlina Suzana Jaafar, Shahrin Nasir


New changes in technologies and tremendous growth in population have created many environmental related problems worldwide. One of the significant issues is the production of variety of toxic substances from different electronic devices and appliances. These substances have serious threats to the environment and human health. This is a literature review paper which discusses an overview of electronic waste and their potential environmental and human health impacts. In different countries, various tools of strategies have been adopted in order to manage the e-waste through life cycle assessment, material flow analysis, multi-criteria analysis, extended producer responsibility, reverse logistics and their features. Comparisons of features with advantages and disadvantages are also presented in this paper.


E-waste; Reverse Logistics; Strategies; Sustainability; Literature Review

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