Improvement Strategies for Women Representation in Malaysian Maritime Transportation Industry to Support 3D Jobs; Dirty, Dangerous and Demeaning

Nuraqilah Abd Rahman, Nurul Haqimin Mohd Salleh


Maritime transportation industry can be classified as 3D jobs; dirty, dangerous and demeaning with historically been male dominated industry. This give challenges for women to be a part of maritime sector.  The imbalance gender in maritime transportation industry are still been debated over the year. Until 2016, only 1 to 2% over 1.25 million seafarers are women. Malaysia as one of the maritime nation has facing the same problem regarding the issue of imbalance gender especially in seafaring career. Concerning about this issue, this paper analyses and recommends improvement strategies of women representation in Malaysian maritime transportation industry. As a result, the primary of this paper listing the potential strategies that can be used to improve women participation in maritime career. This research also highlights the perspective and idea of solution that comes from organisation that lean to the maritime including Malaysian government, maritime institution, industry and NGOs. Firstly, the status of women seafarer in Malaysia maritime industry will be analysed. Secondly, the improvement strategies of women representation in Malaysia maritime transportation industry will be evaluated. Finally, the most effective strategies will be recommended. In order to achieve these objectives, two mathematical methods will be employed which are Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Evidential Reasoning (ER). This research is expected to contribute to the maritime industry in the interest of attracting women participation in maritime sector.


Women Seafarers, 3D Jobs; Dirty, Dangerous and Demeaning, Gender Imbalance, Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP), Evidential Reasoning (ER)

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