The Classification of Seaport-Hinterland In Johor Port and Port of Tanjung Pelepas

Ardilla Anang, Jagan Jeevan


Hinterlands or lands located at the rear of ports play important role to support seaport activities by delivering cargo to and from seaports, cargo distribution and also attracting the import cargo from the seaport. In Malaysia, there are two major seaports in southern region peninsular Malaysia including Johor Port and Port of Tanjung Pelepas (PTP). These two major seaports are closely located with each other. This shows that probability of these seaports to cater same client is very high and may cause overlapping on hinterland area. This overlapping between these two seaports causes waste of resources, traffic congestions which subsequently reducing the competitiveness of seaports. Hence, this research has been conducted to clearly identify the importance of hinterland in southern region peninsular Malaysia and to clarify related elements to distinguish types of hinterlands in Johor region. In order to achieve these objectives, exploratory factor analysis (EFA) has be employed to evaluate the dimensionality of hinterland in Malaysian seaport especially in southern region. Availability of hinterland, prices of hinterland and management of hinterland have become key factors for seaports in this region to choose their respective hinterland for effective and efficient freight transportation operation. Moreover, this paper also has proposed a new dimension of hinterland in southern region which including short-range hinterland and far hinterland. The outcome of this paper is important to educate the seaports about their hinterland typology user as well as the respective hinterland operator in order to improve  the client satisfactions in the respective region.


Classification of Hinterland, Overlapping, Exploratory Factor Analysis, Johor Port, Port of Tanjung Pelepas

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