An Integrated Approach Towards Sustainable Manufacturing – A Framework

Khir Harun, Idrus Moin, Harridon Suffian, Noraida Abd Rahman, Nor Hisyam Ghafar, Fakhrulnizam Mohamed


Manufacturing systems can be a very challenging due to impact of processes complexity, by-products and extensive energy consumption in production prior to a product realization. For these reasons, the aims of this research is to develop manufacturing processes/systems that focus not only on costs and delivery time, but also environmental burden during production. Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) has been re-visited whereby Inventory Analysis (IA) is systematically assessed using IDEF0 activity modelling technique with simulation-oriented based software. The methods form as a structured integrated hierarchical approach to process implementation for sustainable manufacturing. Using simulated manufacturing process, the results have shown that each process can be clearly differentiated in the perspective of energy consumption, cost and also by-products. The results not only allows for the identification of steps with potential optimization of material and energy input, but also help to discover important area for future process improvement. The evaluation of results help to support decision making during process design configurations where economic, environmental and technological perspectives are considered to support sustainable manufacturing system.


IDEF0, sustainability, simulation, automotive painting process, automotive manufacturing, life-cycle assessment

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