TRENDS, SOLUTIONS AND PRELIMINARY CONCEPT ON VRPTW BASED OPTIMIZATION MODEL FOR THE E-GROCERY DELIVERY

Nur Hazimah Basir, Nur Hazimah Basir, Adibah Adibah Shuib, Rizauddin Saian Saian, Azhana Othman Othman

Abstract


Online grocery shopping (e-grocery) refers to purchasing groceries using a online shopping. E-grocery has received greater attention and increasing demand during this COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in urban areas. The future of e-grocery businesses depends on how successfully e-grocers handle spikes in demand while maintaining quality, price, and delivery promises. Based on literatures, many studies have been conducted to improve e-grocery delivery system. Yet, studies on e-grocery delivery problem in Malaysia are still lacking. This has motivated our study where one of the objectives is to formulate a multi-objective VRPTW based Mixed Integer Linear Programming model for producing optimal strategies for e-grocery deliveries. This paper presents reviews of existing literatures concerning e-grocery, solution approaches to improve e-grocery delivery services and impact of these solutions, which focuses on several designs of the delivery system. This paper provides insights on e-grocery logistics operations and challenges involved. It highlights various potential solutions to e-grocery delivery problem especially those that address sustainable transportation and utilize advanced technologies such as drones and autonomous delivery robots. A preliminary concept of our e-grocery delivery operation is also presented.


Keywords


supply chain, e-grocery delivery, time slots, delivery windows, vehicle routing problem with time windows, mathematical programming model, sustainable transportation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25292/atlr.v4i0.374

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